If I had a penny for every time someone asked, texted or emailed me: "what kind of camera should I start out with?"
So this can be a difficult question to answer, but depending on which category you fall into, that will help guide my reasoning. I'm going to narrow you into these 3 categories below.
Just starting out
No real budget yet amateur
I know how to use a camera and plan to go pro
Two types of cameras
In short, there are two main types of cameras--crop sensors and full frame cameras.
There are 3 big differences between the two:
1) price: crop sensors are much more affordable
2) image quality and ISO capabilities: full frames allow you to photograph in lower light without compromising the image quality, basically
3) crop sensor cameras actually crop your image slightly from what you see when you look through your viewfinder, whereas full frames do not. This crop factor is what makes crop sensor cameras more affordable. Yes, this is a very summarized version, but these are the 3 main differences you need to know.
These factors in crop sensor cameras are not things to worry about when you're initially starting out; I used a crop sensor camera the first year I was starting out with photography while I figured out how to shoot in manual and really know how to use my camera--specifically a Nikon D3100. After that, I purchased a Nikon D610 (first full frame!) and was amazed at the difference, but I have to believe that's because I first learned how to shoot in manual, compose my clients and use light on my crop sensor! So do not fear if you fit into the first category of "just starting out". I don't think it ever hurts to learn your trade on something affordable, resell and buy more professional whenever you've saved and have proved you are serious about it. I have since moved up camera models from there.
Which Buyer Are You?
Just starting out:
For many of you who are about to purchase our first camera, For Nikon, you can start out super simply with the basic model which is comparable to what I started out with, the Nikon D3400.
Or the Canon Rebel T5 for your most basic of photography needs. These cameras have the lowest quality of ISO capabilities, but this shouldn't scare you. It just means you need to be aware of this in locations with space light. ISO can make much more sense to you as explained in more depth in The Capture Course.
Personal side note: if you buy either of these cameras that come with the 18-55 kit lens, consider purchasing the nifty fifty along with it. The 50 1.8 is by FAR the best bang for your buck as far as versatility and price goes in lenses. As soon as you watch the course, you'll be aching for a lens that has an aperture lower than 3.5 (which the 18-55 kit lens along with the 70-300 lens limits you to). Initially, it's fine, but once you desire to use your lens in lower light and capture images with a beautiful depth of field (as seen below), then consider than nifty fifty! I personally never used the 18-55 or 70-300 after I purchased lenses with lower apertures.
For Nikon, it's as cheap as slightly under $200 and Canon slightly over $100. Links below.
No real budget yet amateur:
This is for the hobbyist or person who is just starting out but isn't needing to pinch pennies. The best bang for your buck for Nikon would be the crop sensor D7500. It's quality exceeds most budget priced DSLRs (see above). For Canon, you might consider the Canon 80D for the same reason. However, if you have the extra few hundred dollars, then highly consider your basic full frame as you'll read below.
I know how to use a camera and plan to go pro:
If you know how to use a camera and do not already have a full frame camera, then I highly suggest diving into your first full frame. Oh, it's so fun!
For Nikon users, the D610 camera body is excellent bang for your buck when making the leap to the full frame. It's what we purchased, and it was excellent. Looking for more? The D750 is smaller in size, better focusing in low light and a newer, more expensive model than the 610. We currently use the D810, but unless you're diving into wedding photography for the long haul, it's more overkill than what you may need.
For Canon users, the best bang for your buck when making the leap to the full frame would be the Canon 6D. Looking for more? The 5D Mark III is designed for advanced photographers and has a wide array of professional features without being overkill.